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Current state of forest and water ecosystems damage within the territory of Krkonoše SAC

Current state of forest and water ecosystems damage within the territory of Krkonoše SAC (Special Area of Conservation) and harmonization of basic monitoring network for observing their development as a necessary grounds for management measures to ensure their stability and biodiversity

project no.: EHP-CZ02-OV-1-023-2015

Project description:

Krkonoše are the biggest mountain range of the Czech Republic. Their uniqueness is conditioned primarily by their altitude and specific position. Geologic subsoil and its dynamic evolution contributed to the formation of diverse and (for Central Europe) unique biotopes with occurrences of endemisms, glacial relics and highly protected and endangered species of plants and animals. In 1963, the area of Krkonoše was declared a national park with the aim of protecting the natural biocenoses with unique communities of arctic-alpine tundra, peat bogs, mountain forests and mountainous and sub-mountainous levels or flowery mountainous and sub-mountainous meadows.

The landscape of Krkonoše has been in the past several decades negatively influenced by two major factors – large-scale strain on ecology through emissions since the 1980s and intense tourism. Even though the influence of industry emissions is getting lower, monitoring the levels of damage on forest and water ecosystems is an important part of bio-monitoring in Krkonoše.

Aim of the project is observing the current state of forest and water ecosystems within the territory of the Krkonoše SAC and monitoring its evolution since it has been negatively influenced biotic factors in combination with overpopulation of bark beetles in 1980s and 1990s. Activities of the project are focused on monitoring abiotic parameters (chemistry of soil and water, atmospheric deposits) and the state of health of the forests. Tracking the renewal of live is another important indicator of the level of renewal of the forest and water ecosystems after they had been damaged by acidification. The research is mostly based on 830 representative sites of the uniform inventory network in KRNAP area, which ensures higher efficiency and sustainability. The key goals is obtaining the necessary data to set effective, nature-friendly managerial measures. If the regulations for nature protection are adhered to, these measures will lead to an increase in biodiversity.
The goals of the project will be fulfilled by completing these 4 key sub-projects:

Development of soil chemistry, atmospheric deposits, critical amounts of sulfur and nitrogen in forest ecosystems in the Krkonoše SAC
Monitoring and evaluation of current state of health of forests in the Krkonoše SAC
Monitoring of epiphytic lichen as key bioindicator group for finding the current state and evolution of biodiversity of forest ecosystems in the Krkonoše SAC
Evaluation of acidification and current ecological state of watercourses in the Krkonoše SAC

Project Implementation:

Press Release: EHP fondy zjistily aktuální stav lesních a vodních ekosystémů Krkonoš (doc 371 kB)

FINAL CONFERENCE:
The Final Conference was held on 21st February 2017 in the Ecocentre KRTEK in Vrchlabí. The purpose of the event was to inform the professional public with the project outputs. Interesting program attracted a number of specialists in nature protection and those interested in the assessment of current state of forest stands and water environment in the Giant Mountains.

The project „Current state of forest and water ecosystems damage within the territory of Krkonoše SAC (Special Area of Conservation) and harmonization of basic monitoring network for observing their development as a necessary grounds for management measures to ensure their stability and biodiversity“ was officially completed on 28th February 2017. The outputs of the sub-projects are described in 7 final reports and summarized in the final brochure. Biomonitoring continues even after project completion. The results are further used for planning activities and defining optimal methods of management.

Project Brochure: Lesní vodní ekosystémy (pdf 2,3 MB)

Project schedule:

Estimated start date: 1. 1. 2015
Estimated end date: 28. 2. 2017

The estimated total eligible costs of the project is 9 216 689 CZK. The project is realized with financial support of the EEA funds in total amount of 7 373 351 CZK.

Supported by a grant from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway (http://www.eeagrants.cz/)
Programme CZ02 Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services / Environmental Monitoring and Integrated Planning Control / Adaptation to Climate Change

Current state of forest and water ecosystems damage within the territory of Krkonoše SAC




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