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Managing Green Infrastructure in Central European Landscapes

Project Number: No CE897

Description of project:

The long-term target of the protection of national parks is, pursuant to Section 15 of Act 123/2017 Coll., Amending Act 114/1992 Coll., On Nature and Landscape Protection, the conservation or gradual restoration of natural ecosystems, including ensuring the undisturbed course of natural phenomena in their natural dynamics on the majority of the territory of the national park and the conservation or gradual improvement of the condition of the ecosystems, the existence of which is conditioned by human activities, which are significant in terms of biodiversity in the remaining territory of the national park.

A prerequisite for preserving biodiversity and ensuring ecosystem functions is the effective protection of a functional and harmonious landscape. Landscape protection must be understood in an interdisciplinary and international context. The international protection of the landscape relates to the system of ecological networks; a system of representative, mutually interconnected areas with increased biodiversity. On a European scale, we talk about Green Infrastructure (GI), its connectivity, permeability and multifunctionality.

One of the conceptual tools for landscape protection in the Krkonoše National Park (KRNAP) is the definition of a local, regional and supraregional system of ecological stability. The regional and local territorial system of ecological stability (TSES) can be described as almost completely defined on the territory of KRNAP and its buffer zone (OP). Now we are working on the detailed design of local TSES. Another important step is the planned assessment of the functionality of the entire system, including the development of an update containing a biological value assessment and a refinement of the boundaries of both the individual elements and the whole system. Project activities will lead to the strengthening of the ecological function of the system of specific territorial protection, which has been built up in the long-term. The aim is to achieve the interconnection of the TSES elements between KRNAP and KPN (Karkonoski Park Narodowy), i.e. to ensure the basic framework of ecological stability for the entire Krkonoše Mountains.

In connection with the issue of territorial protection it is necessary to emphasize the fragmentation of the landscape as one of the most important factors, which currently affect the protected and unprotected landscapes of Central Europe. Undesirable landscape fragmentation also occurs within KRNAP, i.e. in an area where the primary objective is to preserve or improve the status of conservation subjects - entire ecosystems, biotopes and individual plant and animal species. Fragmentation issues need to be addressed not only in relation to individual species, but also with regard to entire habitats, especially those protected under the Natura 2000 system. The main objective is therefore the elaboration of a study evaluating fragmentation of the landscape on the territory of KRNAP, the buffer zone and the immediate vicinity.

The KRNAP Administration will work closely with two project partners, the Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening (www.vukoz.cz), and Karkonoski park narodowy (http://kpnmab.pl/).

Project implementation:

Press Releases: Krkonoše jsou MaGICLandscapes (doc 260 kB)
Press release (pdf 386 kB)
Tisková zpráva VÚKOZ (doc 404 kB)
Tisková zpráva KPN (pdf 597 kB)

Project timetable:

Commencement date: 1/7/2017
Expected completion date: 30/6/2020

Funded within the Interreg CENTRAL EUROPE cooperation programme and co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).

You can read more about the project here: http://www.interreg-central.eu/Content.Node/MaGICLandscapes.html

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